Historical Items

Brookeville, Maryland

Quakers Richard Thomas and Deborah Brooke founded the town of Brookeville in 1794. Thomas named it after Deborah’s family. That same year he established a mill on Reddy Branch, which curls moat-like around Brookeville and whose waterpower fueled the town's prosperity, as did progressive neighboring farms. In 1802 Caleb Bentley opened a store and post office. In1808, Brookeville was incorporated. By 1813, the market town throbbed with activity: There were fourteen houses on quarter-acre lots lining Market and High Streets, two busy mills, two tan yards with their vaporous vats, two stores, a smithy, the renowned Brookeville Academy, two doctors, a town constable, and many other tradesmen and businesses. Within a few decades of its founding, its proximity to markets and farms and a growing reputation for education and progressive agronomy made Brookeville a thriving place

Brookeville had a brief but pivotal role in our nation’s early history. On August 16, 1814, President Madison and his staff fled Washington following the British invasion and burning during the War of 1812. They took refuge in the home of town postmaster and leading progressive farmer Caleb Bentley. Bentley’s wife, Henrietta Thomas, was a friend of Dolley Madison. Madison's guard camped in the meadow, and legend has it that sacks holding the assets of the U. S. Treasury heaped the floor of the Brookeville Academy.

Today, Brookeville, especially north of the historic district, is an upscale rural area with the majority of homes situated on a minimum of two-acre lots.

Statistics & Facts

• The population of Brookeville is approximately 54.
• The approximate number of families is 21.
• The amount of land area in Brookeville is 0.505 sq. kilometers.
• The amount of surface water is 0 sq kilometers.
• The distance from Brookeville to Washington DC is 18 miles. The distance to the Maryland state capital is 34 miles (as the crow flies).
• Brookeville is positioned 39.17 degrees north of the equator and 77.05 degrees west of the prime meridian.

Montgomery County, Maryland

Montgomery County History


Brookeville/Olney/Sandy Spring Historical Timeline

Revised - 5/30/2004